Heart valves and their disorders
The heart has four valves that help in the proper blood from the heart to the body and vice versa. This pathway of the flow is what keeps us alive because of this the heart beats and makes us alive. The four valves are: the mitral valve and tricuspid valves known together as atrioventricular valves (AV) and the pulmonary valve and the aortic valve known as the semilunar valves (SV). The Navier-Stokes equation helps in determining the valves’ motion. Valvular heart diseases occur when one of the valves getsdamaged or something else occurs to the valves.
They can hamper normal life and cause severe problems to the patient and can even lead to thedeath of the person. The dysfunction can occur due to several reasons. There can be many disorders of the valves, but the two main problemsthat can happen with each of the valve are- regurgitation and stenosis. In regurgitation, there is a backward blood flow or blood flow occurs in the wrong direction, and in the latter, the narrowing of the heartvalvesoccurs. Severaldiseases, ageing and other environmental factors can cause these disorders which lead to several other complications in the body aswell.
Heart valve replacement surgery
It is mainly an open-heart surgery. The heart valve replacement surgery cost in India makes it affordable for many and other institutions like NGO’s or government hospitals that provide this surgery for those who are really poor. The artificial valves are placed instead of the original and the damaged one is remove from the body of the patient. However, the invention of minimally invasive operations doesn’t require a full open heart operation. This new invention is very good for the body. Before the procedure, the patient will receive general anaesthesia.
If open heart surgery is done, then the cut is made in the breastbone. During the period of the operation the heart-lung bypass device keepsthe patient’s body alive instead of the heart. The heart of the patient is stopped during this surgical procedure so the machine does the work of theheart. Other different kinds of surgery include robot-assisted surgery and percutaneous surgery.
The recent advancements in sciencehelp in all these minimally invasive surgeries to take place. Before the operation, make sure that you discuss everything you need to know about your body with your surgical team, and your cardiologist. It is best if you go to the operation knowing what is really going on with your body. This operation is painless operation, but it is very necessary that one takes care of the body after the operation.
Post-surgical care is very much necessary for this kind of operation. Maintaining a healthy body weight, diet, exercise routine, sleep cycle, stress free life and taking of proper medicationsare every necessary for recovering fast. Also, lifting of heavy substances is also not allowed. Also, at times people neglect doing the surgeries and this is very bad for the body because it might cause your death even. Aortic valve replacement cost in India is affordable and so everyone is suggested that they don’t neglect this operation if need arises.